MBBS (Bachelor of Medicine & Bachelor of Surgery)

MBBS (Bachelor of Medicine & Bachelor of Surgery) is the most popular degree in our country, which makes you eligible to become a reputed doctor. An MBBS degree holder is held in high esteem but it takes lot of hard work and time to pursue it. For better career prospects, various specialization courses are offered after MBBS. Medical professionals play a significant role in the society by healing human beings.

MBBS (Bachelor of Medicine & Bachelor of Surgery)


Course Eligibility Duration
Under graduate Class 10 +2 Science (Physics, Chemistry & Biology ) with minimum 50% +  Entrance Exam 5.5 years
Post Graduate (MD and MS ) MBBS + Entrance Exam 3 years
Super Specialization MBBS 1 to 2 years

Entrance Exam    

National Level Entrance Test

  • NEET - UG

  • AIIMS – PG


Diplomat National Board (DNB) (National Board of Examinations (NBE) conducts Diplomat of National Board Centralized Entrance Test (DNB CET) twice a year for admission to various Post Graduate courses including Direct 6 year’s course in the specialty of Plastic Surgery, Neuro-Surgery, Cardio-thoracic Surgery and Pediatric Surgery)


In Government colleges, fees can range from INR six thousand to INR fifty thousand year and in private colleges fees can range from INR three lakhs to INR .five lakhs /year excluding lodging and boarding charges

Skills Required   

  • Able to take enormous amount of stress

  • Willing to make huge sacrifices

  • Should have good memory

  • Emotional Stability

  • Ability to take timely decision

  • Ready to deal with blood, diseased organs.

Career Options   

A career in medicine is a ‘higher’ calling and there is plethora of career opportunity after getting degree in medical. Following are the various job profiles offered to graduates and post graduates in medical:


  • General Practitioner or Physician: General Practitioner or Physician diagnose and treat injuries or illnesses. Physicians examine patients; take medical histories; prescribe medications; and order, perform, and interpret diagnostic tests.

  • Cardiologist: A cardiologist is a doctor with special training and skill in finding, treating and preventing diseases of the heart and blood vessels.

  • Nephrologists:Nephrologists diagnose and treat kidney disease.

  • Psychiatrist:A psychiatrist is a physician who diagnoses and treats mental disorders.

  • Rheumatologist: A rheumatologist treats musculoskeletal disease and systemic autoimmune conditions commonly referred to as rheumatic diseases.

  • Pediatrician: A pediatrician is trained to diagnose and treat a broad range of childhood illnesses from minor health problems to serious diseases.

  • Anesthetist: Anesthetist specializes in administrating anesthesia.

  • Pathologist: A pathologist is a physician who examines tissues, checks the accuracy of lab tests and interprets the results in order to facilitate the patient's diagnosis and treatment.

  • Nutritionist: A nutritionist is a person who advises on matters of food and nutrition impacts on health.

  • Physiologist: Physiologist study functions of living organisms and their parts.

  • Radiologist: A radiologist interprets medical images obtained by using x-rays (radiographs, CT, fluoroscopy) or radioactive substances (nuclear medicine) or by other means such as sound waves (ultrasound) or the body's natural magnetism (MRI).

  • Bacteriologist: The duties of a bacteriologist include prevention, diagnosis and prognosis of diseases, as well as health care.

  • Venereologist: Venereologist diagnoses and treats sexually transmitted diseases.


  • General Surgeon: General surgeons perform operations to treat or prevent diseases, repair damage caused by injuries, correct deformities and improve the functions of the human body.

  • Neurosurgeon: A neurosurgeon is a physician who specializes in the diagnosis and surgical treatment of disorders of the central and peripheral nervous system including congenital anomalies, trauma, tumors, vascular disorders, infections of the brain or spine, stroke, or degenerative diseases of the spine.

  • Obstetrician:An obstetrician is a medical doctor who specializes in the management of pregnancy, labor and birth.

  • Cardiac Surgeon: A cardiac surgeon performs various surgical procedures on human hearts.

  • Bariatric Surgeon: A bariatric surgeon performs surgery on patient for weight loss.

  • Ophthalmologist: Ophthalmologists are trained to perform eye exams, diagnose and treat disease, prescribe medications and perform eye surgery.

  • Oncologist: An oncologist is a doctor who specializes in treating people with cancer by performing surgery.

  • Oral Surgeon: Oral & Maxillofacial surgery (OMS) specializes in treating many diseases, injuries and defects in the head, neck, face, jaws and the hard and soft tissues of the Oral (mouth) and Maxillofacial (jaws and face) region.

  • Orthopedic Surgeon: Orthopedic surgeons examine, diagnose and treat diseases and injuries of the musculoskeletal system with surgery and corrective mechanical devices. They take care of bones, joints, ligaments, tendons, muscles and nerves.

  • Otolaryngology (ENT): An Otolaryngologist is specialist of ear, nose and throat surgery.

  • Plastic Surgeon: Plastic surgeons strive to improve patients' appearance and self-image through both reconstructive and cosmetic procedures. Reconstructive procedures correct defects on the face or body.

  • Podiatry Surgeon: Podiatric surgery is the surgical treatment of conditions affecting the foot, ankle and related lower extremity structures by accredited and qualified specialist podiatrists.

  • Trauma Surgeon: Trauma surgery is a surgical specialty that utilizes both operative and non-operative management to treat traumatic injuries, typically in an acute setting and normally focuses on the abdominal area along with any given 'Emergency' field they may be required to serve upon.

  • Transplant Surgeon: Transplant surgeons generally specialize in particular organs of the body. These include kidney, heart and lung, liver and pancreas.

  • Vascular Surgeon: A vascular surgeon is a specialist who treats patients with diseases that affect the arteries, veins and lymphatic systems exclusive of the heart and intracranial (within the brain) circulations.

  • Pedicurist Surgeon: A Pedicurist performs surgical treatment of disorders of the foot, ankle and lower extremity.

  • Obstetrician/Gynecologist: An obstetrician/gynecologist is a physician specialist who provides medical and surgical care to women and has particular expertise in pregnancy, childbirth and disorders of the reproductive system.

Undergraduate course (MBBS)   

  • Medicine and surgery

Postgraduate Courses (MD/MS)   

MD (Doctor of Medicine)

  • Anesthesiology

  • Dermatology

  • Forensic Medicine

  • General Medicine

  • Obstetrics & Gynecology

  • Endocrinology

  • Ophthalmology

  • Pediatrics

  • Pathology

  • Pharmacology

  • Physiology

  • Psychiatry

  • Social & Preventive Medicine

  • Tuberculosis & Respiratory Diseases

  • Venerology

MS (Master in Surgery

  • General Surgery

  • ENT

  • Ophthalmology

  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

  • Orthopedics

  • Cardiac Surgery

  • Plastic Surgery

  • Pediatric Surgery

  • Urology

  • Ophthalmology

  • MPH (Masters in Public Health)

  • Cardio Thoracic

Popular colleges offering the course:   

In Gujarat

In Maharastra

In India


A doctor can find employment opportunities at following places:

  • Self employment

  • Government hospitals and clinics

  • Multi specialist hospitals and nursing homes

  • Central Government Health Scheme (CGHS)

  • Employees Insurance Scheme (EIS) Hospital or Primary Health Centers

  • Business organizations

  • Industries

  • Schools and embassies as consultants

  • Armed Forces

  • Railways

  • UPSC conducts a Combined Medical Services Exam for MBBS degree holders for selecting doctors for central government run hospitals

All the students, teachers and guardians should note that the above mentioned websites and information on various colleges / universities may change under the rules and regulations of the education department.